Europe being strongly rich in history, art, literature, philosophy, and architecture of magnificent proportions, it is a continent that travelers and sightseers love and admire. So here I will describe Famous Buildings In Europe, With so many countries, diverse cultures and their own unique history chapters,
it can become a strenuous task when planning a journey to Europe. One of the best ways to connect and get to know Europe’s roots and history while being astonished by beauty is visiting Europe’s famous landmarks and buildings that spread out across the continent.
Here you will find some of the most famous and iconic buildings in Europe to visit in 2019!
Best Famous Buildings In Europe
1. Eiffel Tower, France
Located in the capital of France and visited by more than 250 million people since its completion in 1889, and receiving mind-blowing traffic of 7 million visitors per year, it is hands down one of the most famous landmarks not only in Europe but on the planet This is one of the Famous Buildings In Europe.
The elegant and striking Eiffel Tower peaks to the heights of 324 meters and this year it celebrates 130 years since the historic inauguration.
Since then, the creation of Gustave Eiffel and his company has become nothing more but spectacular and a global icon offering the highest observation platform in European Union, stunning panoramic views of Paris and even more beautiful appearance from locations like Champ De Mars.
2. St. Basil’s Cathedral, Russia
Known for its unique architecture and vibrant candy-like colors, St.Basil’s Cathedral in the famous Red Square in Moscow is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most recognizable buildings in Russia.
Since its construction in the mid 16th century, the beautiful St.Basil’s Cathedral undergone many development stages, challenges and upgrades to become what it is today and it will become Famous Buildings In Europe.
It consists of nine chapels and exteriors that will dazzle any visitor while the interiors of the church just might leave you speechless!
3. Colosseum, Italy
Originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre, it is a site with a history dating all the way back to AD 80 when it was built by Titus, the son of Emperor Vespasian as a generous gift to the Roman people.
This massive oval amphitheater is situated in the Italian capital of Rome and once held an audience of around 70,000 people back in the Imperial Rome days, when it held various game events, ruthless gladiator battles, and ferocious wild animal fights.
Even after losing the majority of its original structure, it is still the symbol and icon of Rome which is among the most visited sites in the continent of Europe.
4. Big Ben, United Kingdom
When someone mentions England and the United Kingdom, the first thing that comes and should come to mind, without a doubt is the famous Big Ben or officially known as the Elizabeth Tower.
Assembled and built in 1859 with charming neo-gothic style by Augustus Plugin, back in the day it was the largest ticking clock in the world!
While Big Ben is actually just a nickname for the largest bell of the five in the tower, with striking weights of 13.5 long tons it is a name recognized worldwide and usually refers to the whole tower and the clock.
Big Ben is the brightest and most famous symbol of the United Kingdom’s culture, democracy, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
5. Tower of Pisa, Italy
Let’s come back to Italy for a moment, for a truly different and unique site where you will see people hugging, pushing, holding and doing all kinds of poses for that one awesome photograph!
This interesting and famous freestanding bell tower can be found in the city of Pisa, Italy with its famous feature.
The tower is actually leaning to one side due to the soft ground having difficulty to hold its weight back in the construction days. For more detail regarding Pisa Tower read this article.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa took a long 344 years to be built, and it began leaning from the very beginning stages.
Aside from the distinctive looks from outside, the Pisa Tower hosts almost 600 steps from both north and south sides as well as seven bells, each representing one note of the major musical scale.
6. La Sagrada Familia, Spain
Let’s not forget about Italy’s neighbor, the hot and elegant Spain which hosts many beautiful and historical sites. But the church of Sagrada Familia in the city of Barcelona is probably one of the most striking and breathtaking of them all.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site that is still under construction starting from the year of 1882, it is a remarkable work and design of the Antoni Gaudi, an architect responsible for many eye-catching sites in Barcelona.
Interiors and exteriors are both fascinating to witness, with dazzling geometric details and complex shapes, La Sagrada Familia is a must-visit site in Spain.
7. Rijksmuseum, Netherlands
While the Netherlands doesn’t shy away from hosting plenty of beautiful sites and extraordinary world-class museums, the Rijksmuseum is the one that truly stands out, standing in the south of Amsterdam city.
Rijksmuseum is true heaven and paradise for art and history lovers, who dare to stumble upon an extensive and outstanding collection of 1 million objects of art, crafts, and history, with the timeline ranging between the years of 1200 and 2000.
This beautifully designed and most visited museum in the country attracts millions of visitor each year while hosting remarkable works of such artists like Frans Hals and Johannes Vermeer.
8. St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Austria
Standing on top of the two churches ruins in the capital city of Vienna, St.Stephen’s Cathedral is another stunning religious sites in Europe and a beautiful mixture of Romanesque and Gothic architecture.
Cathedral’s multi-colored tile roof is one of the most charming features of the building, together with the main tower dominating Vienna’s skyline at the heights of 136 meters.
Admire the lovely views of Vienna from its highest South Tower, step into the underground catacombs and discover the also amazing interiors of this Austrian masterpiece.
9. Palace of Versailles, France
In the past, when people went for luxury, many can agree that it was done with extraordinary proportions and magnitude, and the overwhelming Palace of Versailles is an example with a strong case for that.
Located only 20km from the center of Paris with almost 8 million visitors each year, it is a breathtaking and royal site to see.
As impressive as those massive gardens, fountains and the lavish facades of the Palace are, it’s the unmatched luxury and beauty inside that will steal the show.
The palaces consist of 700 rooms, thousands of windows and fireplaces and 67 staircases alongside with royal apartments, salons, marvelous paintings and golden ceilings that will simply take your breath away!
10. Old Town Hall, Czech Republic
Old Town Hall in the capital city of Prague in the Czech Republic is one of the most visited monuments in the country and the Czech Republic is buzzing with more and more visitors each year.
Dating back all the way to the Middle Ages, it hosts many interesting and historical features, chambers and halls, but the most famous and known trademark of the Old Town Hall is the intriguing medieval Astronomical Clock.
It is still ticking to this day, from the year of 1410 making it the oldest clock on the planet that is still operating.
It can be found on the southern wall of the Old Town Hall, still clicking the precious time away.
Be there when the clock strikes an hour to witness the four Apostles come to life, each of them representing its own meaning of life. by discussing the old town building I also write an article on Best waterfalls in Ireland make sure you check this.
11. Pena Palace, Portugal
Have you ever wondered how it would be like to step inside a castle from a fairytale? Wonder no more with this colorful and sparkling Romanticist castle that is Pena Palace, located near the town of Sintra in Portugal.
One of the most famous castles and buildings in Europe.
The castle will immediately catch any traveler’s attention with its unique style and colors mixture, shining while perched on the top of the hill and with Sintra mountains below and can be seen from the capital city Lisbon.
Its long history and royal families living led the palace to develop unique beauty.
Admire the stunning landscape of Portugal from its walls, love the beautiful interiors and simply enjoy this fairytale and one of the wonders in Portugal.
12. Trakai Island Castle, Lithuania
Trakai Castle is yet another European medieval gem and the only island castle in Eastern Europe, sitting in the middle of the picturesque Lake Galve in Lithuania, Trakai.
Construction of this stronghold began back in the 14th century and most of the castle was completed by Vytautas The Great in 1409 and became a site with great importance for once The Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Built in several phases, then turned into a summer residence and later to prison while during the wars in the 17th century it was damaged severely and not reconstructed until the 19th century.
After all the obstacles and challenges, the beautiful medieval castle of Trakai today stands proud, a reminder of the glorious past and heritage and is one of the most popular and major tourist attractions in Lithuania.
13. Parthenon, Greece
One of the most important buildings that are still standing from Classical Greece is the ancient temple of Parthenon, built in the golden years of the Athenian Empire and dedicated to the goddess Athena.
Completed in 438 BC, It has seen it all and survived all kinds of conflicts, from the battle with Persians to the conquests of Ottoman empire.
Today the enchanted ruins and damaged façade is recognized worldwide as a symbol of Ancient Greece, western civilization and democracy.
It is easily one of the greatest monuments of history and culture in the world.
14. Reichstag, Germany
Reichstag in Berlin might not be the most stunning building in terms of architecture or breathtaking exteriors, but it is without a doubt one of the most recognizable buildings in Germany, that holds the significant stamp in the history books.
After being damaged by the fire, before World War II, it only began to see works of reconstruction in 1990.
Today it hosts a beautiful glass dome from where visitors can get a 360-degree view of the German capital as well as visit the parliament rooms.